Policies and Strategies

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Project Achievements of 2011 EFYThe process of designing and implementing agricultural development policies has been the major challenge in Ethiopia, given that the agricultural sector is constrained by many interrelated problems. In the late 1950s, agricultural policies relied on the adoption of a series of five-year
plans focusing on investment in the industrial sector. For example, the first and second five-year plans (1957–1962 and 1962–1967) emphasized the expansion of primary processing industries and the formation of largescale commercial farms that produced export crops as the basis for economic growth.

The underlying reason for designing this policy was that the increasing demand for raw materials by local industries were dependent upon the supply of raw materials from agriculture (demand/pull economic growth). During these periods, although a number of local industries and commercial farms were established, agriculture could not produce enough materials to meet the demand. So, for the first time, Ethiopia imported 45,000 tonnes of cereals in 1960 in order to cover its food deficiency (gosh, 1994; molla et al, 1995). In the third five-year plan (1968–1973), the importance of focusing on agricultural development emphasized the broad strategy of the agricultural development led industrialization (ADLI) policy for economic growth.

ADLI views agriculture as a driving force of the economy and supports investment in agriculture as a means of economic growth and ensuring food self-sufficiency. It focuses on the promotion of integrated rural-development approaches to agricultural growth in the peasant farming systems. However, in the period from 2010-2019, the government of Ethiopia has adopted growth transformation plan (GTP II & II) under integrated Development approach was the first attempt at
transforming agricultural production from subsistence farming to self-sufficiency under inputintensive farming practices. Thus, bureau of agriculture and natural resource under ministry of agriculture and Rural development, adheres and implement this policy towards agricultural growth.

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